Chhapana Bhoga of Lord Jagannath offered daily in Puri temple

Everyday no less than 56 food items (Chhapana Bhoga) is offered to Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra at Puri temple.

There are six particular times a day, starting from early morning, when different kinds of Pitha, vegetables, rice and dal are offered to Lord Jagannath and his sibling deities. Locally the offerings are called Dhupa when offered through Sodasa Upchars and Bhoga when offered through Pancha Upachars.

Daily offerings to the Lord (Chhapana Bhoga) include:

Gopal Ballabha Bhoga (Breakfast at 8.30 am)

The offering is the first one of the daily Prasad to Lord Jagannath. The Bhogs are offered at the Anabsar Pindi. The following items are offered as Bhoga for the purpose.

1. Nadiapati
2. Gualahuni
3. Dahi Oli
4. Ballabha
5. Nadiakora
6. Khuamanda, Papudi
7. Rambha
8. Gudakera

Chhapana Bhoga

Sakala Dhupa (Morning meal at 10.00 am)

This is the first cooked meal Bhoga. This bhoga is also called ‘Kotha bhoga’ or ‘Raja bhoga’. The Sevaks offer this Bhoga with 16 Upachars on sitting on Ratnavedi.

9. Adapacheli
10. Mahadei
11. Tachi Khechudi
12. Badipitha
13. Nadi
14. Kakatua Jhilli
15. Hansakeli
16. Jenamani
17. Mathapuli
18. Enduri
19. Kanlipuri
20. Takua
21. Saga

Chhapana Bhoga Jagannath

Bhoga Mandapa Bhoga (Supplementary to breakfast at 11.00 am)

As per the demand of the devotees, the Bhogs are sold for a fee.

Madhyanha Dhupa (Midday meal at 12.30 to 1.00 pm)

Like the Sakala Dhupa, this is also performed in 16 Upchars. The Sevayats engaged for the Sakala Dhupa are only allowed for Madhyana Dhupa and Sandhya Dhupa. Generally different types of sweet cakes are offered during this Puja. The Bhogas used for this purpose is as follows:

22. Mathapuli Bada
23. Bhatakudi
24. Oriya Thali
25. Suari
26. Bada
27. Mugapaiti
28. Marichimani
29. Badi, Khirisa
30. Bundia
31. Satapatia Pitha
32. Srikara, Madhuruchi
33. Mandua
34. Paga Aarisa
35. Khairachula
36. Khiri
37. Tripuri
38. Bundia Khiri
39. Chhena Khirisa
40. Kanika

Chhapana Bhoga Puri

Sandhya Dhupa (Evening meal at 7.00 to 8.00 pm)

After the evening Arati, Sandhya Dhupa Bhoga is offered. This Arati is also called as Jaya Mangal Arati. Items are also prepared on request of devotees. The following items are presented for this Bhoga are:

41. Mathapuli, Purodasha
42. Suarapitha
43. Chakiamalu
44. Keli
45. Khudupita
46. Manda (Nanmana)
47. Khuruma
48. Suarapitha
49. Thalianna

Chhapana Bhoga list

Bada Singhara Bhoga (Late night Meal at 11.00 pm)

This is the last Bhoga of the deities. As per the record of rites of Srimandira, the time has been fixed for 11.15 pm. Before Dhupa, the Palia Puspalaks dress up the deities with silk dresses (Pata), flower garlands and sing Gita Govinda. The Bhoga is performed with 5 Upchars by three members of Puja Pandas by sitting at the side of Ratnabedi. The following items are offered here.

50. Panchapatia Biripitha
51. Gaja
52. Mitha Pakhala
53. Sugandha Pakhala
54. Parijataka
55. Dahi Pakhala
56. Chadhei Nada, Parakha Ghruta, Purnahuti

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Chhapana Bhoga items

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