Dasarathi Patnaik (Dasia Aja) can be rightly designated as the father of library movement in Odisha. As his life’s only ambition and mission was to create awareness among the people of our state regarding the necessity of libraries.
Late Dasharathi Pattanaik was born on 12 July 1907 in a little known village namely Udaypur in the district of Nayagarh. By his sheer will power and sincere effort he could be able to keep his foot print in the literary and cultural fields of Odisha overriding the iron barriers of little education, economic scarcity and underdeveloped rural atmosphere.
In stead of indulging his 90 years span of life in family affairs he had preferred to include himself among innumerable elites, poets, writers, bureaucrats and politicians of Odisha and in course of time had become their beloved ‘Dasia Aja’ from Dasarathi Patnaik.
The seeds for a library were sown in his mind by his school teacher and Dasia Aja set off with five books in a trunk. Fifty years old at the time, he bequeathed his farmland to his wife and mother and travelled across Odisha looking for books, magazines, antiques and other collectibles, says his grandson Deepak Pattnaik.
Dasarathi Patnaik became an icon. His attire — a loin cloth, his bare chest covered by a shawl laid on the shoulder and a turban — became a trademark. He travelled from place to place in quest of rare items and materials. His mild and pleasant demeanour attracted every one and soon he was known to all as Dasia Aja.
The library holds more than 50,000 books, most of them old, rare publications from across the world in different languages. It has more than 65,000 magazines, periodicals and journals and 2,500 backfiles of newspapers.
The museum has sections on archaeology, natural history, numismatics, armoury, mining and geology, art and craft and anthroplogy. The museum could be one of the handful of places in the world to possess original stones from the moon. The stones take their place beside the treasures of Mohenjodaro and Harappa in the shape of fragments of clay pottery, toys and jewellery, a clay seal from the Mesopotamian era, bone of a dinosaur, fossil of a rhinoceros and other archaeological excavations. You also have soil from post-atom bomb Hirosimha in a wooden casket, volcanic ash in a small urn, a floating rock that is believed to be part of the mythical Ram Sethu.
A large number of silver, copper and metal coins dating from the ancient, medieval and modern eras are on display. The museum has a section on tribal lives sequencing a change in lifestyle through clothes, jewellery, weapons, etc over a period of 100 years.
The crowning glory is, however, the collection of palm leaf manuscripts and illustrations. There are over 5,000 manuscripts depicting epics like Ramayana, Mahabharata along with treatises on Ayurveda, religious rituals, astrology and astronomy, tantra and mantra, veterinary treatment, and literature. There are 68 manuscripts that depict narratives of the Dasavataar and the Krushna Leela through colourful pictures that are etched on leaves.
All this was collected by one man. He didn’t have much formal education (he dropped out of school in class six). But he developed an addiction for reading and devoured whatever came his way.
Dasarathi Patnaik single-handedly put together the institutions and transformed them into marvels. Dasia Aja is no more. He died in 1997 at the age of 90. But he left behind a legacy which would educate and enrich later generations.