Pana Sankranti is also known as Maha Vishuva Sankranti or Mesha Sankranti and is celebrated as Oriya New Year or Odia Nua Barsa. It is the beginning of the New Year in the traditional Hindu Solar Calendar. On this day the sun enters the sidereal Aries or Mesha rashi.
Every year Pana Sankranti festival is celebrated in the month of April. On this particular day, a small pot filled with pana is hung on a basil (Tulsi) plant. Pana is mainly prepared by Bela, Guda and Water. You can also add chhatua, curd, coconut & banana to it. Pana Sankranti 2012 date is April 13.
Pana Sankranti is celebrated in the devi temples of Chandi, Biraja, and Sarala, which is called Jhaamu Yatra. In Northern Orissa it is called Chadak Parva. In Southern Orissa, Pana Sankranti is celebrated as the end of month-long Danda nata and the final ceremony is known as Meru Yatra. People all over the state worship Hanuman on this day and celebrate it as his birthday. People enjoy chhatua and Bel Pana with great pleasure.